Enjoy our Syracuse tour and discover one of the most beautiful cities in Sicily, surrounded by Ionic sea. Oldest part of the city is Ortigia where you can find the architectural remains from different centuries: Greeks, Romans, Saracens, Spanish and others have built here best examples of architecture. The most curious is of course The cathedral of Syracuse, because part of the wall of the church is old Temple of Athena from 6th century B. C. , later Christianity adapted it as their own church and it became Christian church and final baroque façade was made by Andrea Palma in 1725–1753, statues are made by Ignazio Marabitti. Nearby the cathedral of St. Mary You will find local government house called as well Palazzo del Vermexio, what have been made 1629-1633 , just before the destructive earthquake in 1693.
Not far from the cathedral is the Archimedes square where is the beautiful Diana fountain, the square built in honor of famous mathematician and physician Archimedes, who worked together with Hierone II and tried to make inventions to fight against Carthaginians and later Romans in Second Punic War. It is recommendable to make a walk along Alfeo Promenade where you can admire the old city wall, made by the order of Spanish king Carlo V. At the corner end of Ortigia you will find Maniace Castle, named by famous captain Georgio Maniace who managed to free most of Ionic coast from Arabs, but the castle itself is made by Federic II.
Aretusa fountain famous because it is one of two places in Sicily where you can see Egyptian plant papyrus crowing naturally. Continue trip in the direction of new part of Syracuse called Neapolis (New-city) just before Umbertino`s bridge you will be able to see Temple of Apollo (the oldest Doric temple in Sicily). In a way you pass from the most modern church Madonna of Tears or “Madonna della Lacrime”, what had great problems with building and finishing it, because great part of citizens and architects considered it too modern for the ancient architecture of Syracuse.
The last stage of our Syracuse tour is Neapolis where lays Greek Theatre what is made by Tyrant Gelone after Himera battle in 480 B.C. to thank the gods from victory against Carthaginians. Just to mention for curiosity that, Valley of the Temples in Agrigento was made for the same purpose by Tyrant Therone who made Carthaginian slaves to build the temples. The patron saint of the city is St. Lucy and the Festival of St. Lucy is celebrated on December 13th. If you are interested to see Caravaggio’s famous painting Burial of St. Lucy you can find it in Museo Bellomo. Don’t forget to visit as well the Regional Archaeological Museum “Paolo Orsi” what is considered as one of the most important archaeological museums in all southern Italy. During all your trip through Syracuse you might start feel yourself as a part of the history of this unique city.